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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2786\margr3809\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2786\margrsxn3809\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx965 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-16\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 322{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw12 MTHIRA BHOJA : MAHENDRAPlLA I}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4\fi0\ri0\sb234\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw13\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 of the lord of the Guijaras."\super 1\nosupersub  Undaunted by this \expndtw5 effective check to his advance eastward, Bhoja next \expndtw11 directed his energies towards the south from which \expndtw8 side the Rastrakutas had so often emerged to despoil \expndtw7 the smiling fields of Kanauj. He overran southern \expndtw9 Rajputana and the tracts round Ujjayani up to the \expndtw4 Nannada river. Then he tried his strength against the \expndtw-2 avowed enemies of his house, but was defeated some time \expndtw5 before 867 A.D. by Dhruva II Dharavarsa of the Guja\-\expndtw8 rat Rastrakuta branch.\super 2\nosupersub  Subsequently, Mihira Bhoja \expndtw5 even came into conflict with Krisna II (875-911 A.D.) of the main line; their \\vars were, however, inconclu\-\expndtw6 sive. There are al.<o grounds to believe that Mihira \expndtw4 Bhoja's arms had penetrated as far as Pehoa (Karnal \expndtw7 district)\super 3\nosupersub  and even beyond it\super 4\nosupersub  in the west and Sautis-\expndtw4 tra in the south-west.\super 5}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li22\fi464\ri25\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The Arab traveller, Sulaiman, writing in 851 A.D. \expndtw1 pays a tribute to the efficiency of Bhoja's administration and the strength of his forces, specially cavalry. He was \expndtw6 "unfriendly to the Arabs" and was regarded as "the \expndtw7 greatest foe of the Muhammadan faith." The country \expndtw1 was prosperous, safe from robbers, and rich in natural \expndtw-3 resources.\super 6}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li40\fi0\ri0\sb209\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Mahendrapdla I (circa \i0 885-910 \i A.D.)}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li40\fi457\ri32\sb151\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Mihira Bhoja's successor was his son, Mahendra-\expndtw5 pala I or Nirbhayaraja,\super 7\nosupersub  who came to the throne about}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1112\fi0\ri0\sb223\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 II,   pp. 163, 165, v.   13.   cf.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li410\fi0\ri0\sb29\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx529 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i\expndtw4 Ind. Ant., \i0 XII, pp. 184., 189, v. 38.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li32\fi378\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx529 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 3{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw9 The Pehoa inscription records certain transactions at the\line \expndtw2 local fair by certain horse-dealers "in the victorious reign of Bhoja-\line \expndtw3 deva" \i (Ep. Ind., \i0 I, pp. 184-190).}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li410\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx529 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex64\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 4{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\charscalex92\expndtw2 See \i Infra.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li410\fi0\ri0\sb4\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx529 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 5{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i\expndtw5 Ind. Hist. Quart., \i0 V (1929), pp. 129-133.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li410\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx529 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 6{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw3 Elliot, \i History of India, \i0 Vol. I, p. 4.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li32\fi378\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx529 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 7{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw6 Other variants of his name were Mahendrayudha, Mahisa-\line paladeva, Nirbhayanarendra, etc.}\par }